14 June 2024

Amer Fort or Amber Fort: A palace located on a hill in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Amer Fort or Amber Fort is a fortress located in Amer, Rajasthan, India. The Amber Fort was first built by Raja Alan Singh Meena, ruler of the Chanda Meena tribe in 967 CE, later, by Sawai Jai Singh. Located on a hill, this major tourist attraction of Jaipur. With its massive enclosure and series of gates and paved paths, the fort faces Maota Lake, the main water source of the Amer Palace.

Around 5000 visitors come to see Amer fort daily. Amer Fort, along with five other forts of Rajasthan, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2013.

History:

Amer Fort, as it is now, was built on the ruins of this ancient building during the reign of Kachwaha Raja, Raja Man Singh of Amer. The character was fully enhanced by his grandson Jai Singh I. Later, the Amer Fort was rebuilt and added by successive rulers for the next 150 years, until the Kachwahas moved their city to Jaipur in 1727 during the reign of Sawai Jai Singh II.

The first Rajput structure was commissioned by King Kapil Dev when Amber became his capital in 1036 on the site of the present-day Jaigarh Fort in Rajasthan. Most of the current buildings of Amber were started or expanded during the reign of Raja Man Singh I in the 1600s. The main building houses the Diwan-i-Khas at Amber Palace in Rajasthan and the elaborately painted Ganesh Pol built by Mirza Raja Jai Singh I.

The current Amer Palace inside Amer fort was inbuilt in the late 16th century as a bigger palace for the pre-existing residence of the rulers. The Purana Mahal, known as the Kadima Mahal (Persian for ancient), is believed to be the oldest surviving palace in India. This ancient palace is situated in the valley behind the Amber palace.

Amer was known in medieval times as Dhundar (meaning attributed to a sacrificial mountain in the western frontiers) and ruled by the Kachwahas from the 11th century – between 1037 and 1727 AD until the capital was shifted from Amer to Jaipur. had not been. The history of Amer is indelibly linked to these rulers as they established their empire in Amer.

Many ancient structures from the medieval period of Myers have either been destroyed or replaced. However, the impressive 16th-century building of the Amer Fort and the palace complex built by the Rajput Maharajas within it are very well preserved.

Architecture & design:

Mughal architecture strongly influenced the architectural style of many of the fort’s buildings. Constructed of red sandstone and marble, the majestic palace has four levels, each with a courtyard. These include the Diwan-i-Aam, or “Hall of Public Audiences”, the Diwan-i-Khas, or “Hall of Private Audiences”, the Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace), or Jai Mandir, and the Sukh Niwas. A cold climate is artificially created by winds that blow over the water springs within the palace.

Amer Fort (or Amer place) was the main residence of the Rajput Maharajas and their families. There is a temple dedicated to Shila Devi who is the goddess of the Chaitanya cult near the Ganesh gate which is at the entrance of the fort.

The Amer Palace, along with the Jaigarh Fort, is situated right on top of the Chil ka Tila (Eagle Hill) of the same Aravalli range of hills. The palace and the Jaigarh Fort are considered complex, as both are connected by an underground passage. This route was meant as an escape route in times of war to enable the transfer of members of the royal family and others at the Amer Fort to the Jaigarh Fort.

Nitesh Kumar Singh

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