14 June 2024

Controversy Unleashed: Arvind Kejriwal’s Arrest in the Delhi Liquor Policy Case


The Delhi liquor policy case has sparked significant debate and controversy, pitting public health concerns against economic interests. The policy, which regulates the sale and consumption of alcohol in the Indian capital, has been subject to legal battles and intense scrutiny due to its implications on society and the economy. To comprehend the intricacies of this case, it is crucial to delve into its history, the stakeholders involved, and the underlying issues at play.

History of Liquor Policy in Delhi:

The regulation of alcohol in Delhi has been a contentious issue for decades. Historically, alcohol consumption has been a significant aspect of social life and culture in India. However, concerns about its adverse effects on public health and social order prompted the government to introduce regulatory measures.

In 1996, the Delhi government implemented the Delhi Excise Act, which aimed to regulate the sale, purchase, and consumption of alcohol in the city. Under this act, the government issued licenses to vendors and imposed restrictions on the sale of alcohol near educational institutions, religious places, and highways.

Over the years, successive governments have grappled with balancing the demand for alcohol with the need to address its harmful consequences. The liquor policy has undergone several amendments and revisions, reflecting evolving societal attitudes and priorities.

The Delhi Liquor Policy Case:

The latest chapter in the saga of Delhi’s liquor policy began in Year-2021, when the Delhi government announced a new excise policy aimed at reforming the liquor retail sector. The policy introduced several changes, including reducing the number of government-run liquor shops and allowing private players to participate in retail sales through a new licensing system.

However, the implementation of the new policy faced fierce opposition from various quarters. Public health advocates raised concerns about the potential increase in alcohol consumption and its associated harms, including addiction, road accidents, and violence. They argued that the proliferation of liquor outlets would exacerbate these issues, especially in vulnerable communities.

On the other hand, proponents of the policy, including industry representatives and some economists, highlighted the potential economic benefits. They argued that liberalizing the liquor retail sector would boost revenue generation, create employment opportunities, and spur economic growth. They also contended that the existing system of government-controlled liquor shops was inefficient and prone to corruption.

Legal Battle and Implications:

The Delhi liquor policy case soon found its way into the courts, with various petitions challenging its legality and impact. The Delhi High Court, tasked with adjudicating the matter, heard arguments from both sides and examined the constitutional validity of the policy.

In November 2021, under the leadership of Arvind Kejriwal, the Delhi government introduced a new excise policy aimed at modernizing alcohol sales within the city. This initiative received a mixed response, with some applauding its progressive approach, while others expressed concerns about its potential financial and public health ramifications.

Less than a year later, in July 2022, Delhi’s Chief Secretary Naresh Kumar raised concerns about policy violations to Lieutenant Governor (L-G) Vinai Kumar Saxena. Following this, L-G Saxena recommended an investigation by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). The submitted report alleged “financial losses to the exchequer” exceeding Rs 580 crore.

The Enforcement Directorate (ED) leveled accusations that the policy was deliberately crafted with loopholes to benefit AAP leaders and foster the cartel formation. It alleged that AAP leaders received kickbacks from liquor businesses in exchange for preferential treatment, including discounts, waivers of license fees, and relief during disruptions caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.

According to the ED, the “scam” entailed granting wholesale liquor businesses to private entities with a fixed margin of 12 percent, in exchange for a six percent kickback. Furthermore, they were accused of attempting to influence elections held in Punjab and Goa in early 2022.

In response to these allegations, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) conducted raids targeting then Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia and three others. Sisodia, along with 14 other accused individuals, including AAP communications in-charge Vijay Nair, were named in the CBI’s FIR. Nair was subsequently arrested in September 2022.

In March, the Enforcement Directorate (ED) informed a court that the proceeds from the purported excise policy scam totaled over Rs 292 crore.

More recently, Bharat Rashtra Samithi (BRS) leader K Kavitha was arrested on allegations of paying Rs 100 crore to senior AAP leaders in exchange for benefits under the new Delhi excise policy.

What allegations have been made against Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal?

The Enforcement Directorate (ED) claimed that Chief Minister Kejriwal personally interacted with key accused individuals, encouraging them to coordinate with others implicated in the case. Despite being summoned nine times between October 2023 and March 2024, Kejriwal was arrested following the dismissal of his plea for protection from arrest by the Delhi High Court.

Chief Minister Kejriwal has responded to the accusations by maintaining his innocence and asserting that the allegations against him are baseless.

Kejriwal asserts that the Enforcement Directorate’s (ED) actions are politically motivated and orchestrated by the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Representing Kejriwal in court, senior advocate Abhishek Manu Singhvi argued that the summonses lacked specificity and amounted to a vague fishing expedition, thus infringing upon Kejriwal’s fundamental rights.

Amid the ongoing developments, the case remains under intense scrutiny, drawing significant attention. Senior advocate Abhishek Manu Singhvi emphasized the potential gravity of the arrest, stating that it would constitute a serious violation of the fundamental right to life and liberty.

He further questioned the urgency of the situation, noting that the summons issued on March 16 coincided with the announcement of the general election schedule. Singhvi raised concerns about the ED’s persistence in summoning Kejriwal since the previous year, questioning the need for immediate action when waiting for a mere two more months would not have been unreasonable.


The Delhi liquor policy case underscores the complex interplay between public health, economic interests, and government regulation. As policymakers strive to navigate these competing priorities, it is essential to adopt evidence-based approaches that consider the diverse perspectives and interests of stakeholders. Ultimately, finding the right balance between promoting economic growth and safeguarding public health remains a formidable challenge for governments worldwide.

Nitesh Kumar Singh

Technical content writer l Website developer

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